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Ike and Tina Turner Biography
 
Ike Turner’s career began in 1951 when his band recorded the song "Rocket 88" at Sam Phillips studio in Memphis. Although Ike did not receive credit for the #1 R&B hit, it elevated him into one of the top session guitarist, talent scouts, and producers of the fifties. After recording future stars such as B.B. King and Howlin’ Wolf, Turner moved to St. Louis with his band The Kings of Rhythm, becoming one of the cities most recognizable night club acts.
 
Tennessee native Anne Mae Bullock and her sister moved to St. Louis after being deserted by their parents in 1956. A regular at the local nightclubs, Bullock met Ike Turner, and as legend has it, spontaneously took the microphone, and despite no experience as a professional singer, and after being told repeatedly that she could not sing, Bullock impressed Turner so much that she was subsequently asked to enter his band. It was Ike who created the now famous stage name, Tina, for Anne Mae.
 
The couple recorded the song "A Fool in Love" in 1960, which climbed to #2 on the R&B charts and convinced Ike to build an entire band around Tina, known as The Ike and Tina Turner Revue. The band continued to release hits throughout the 1960s, but it was in 1969 (the Revue was booked to open for the Rolling Stones on an international tour) that they were propelled into stardom. They released numerous cover songs such as "Proud Mary" and "Come Together" in the early seventies, and in 1975 Tina broke into the acting world, portraying the Acid Queen in the film version of Tommy.
 
However, deeply addicted to both cocaine and alcohol, and as a result increasingly prone to violent outburst, Ike subjected Tina to near constant physical and emotional abuse. Tina finally left Ike in 1975, reportedly carrying only thirty-six cents and a gas station credit card.
 
Tina’s career was non-existent without Ike, and after deciding that her freedom was more important then her finances, Tina relinquished all claims for compensation from the multitude of profitable works the band released.
 
However, despite the predictions of the writers and critics of the time, it was not the end of Tina’s career. Tina began singing in nightclubs again, hoping to find success on her own. In 1979, Tina met Roger Davies, and the manager helped her infuse her style with a more soul inspired feel that still utilized the power and grit Tina had become known for while playing with Ike. After the Rolling Stones agreed to let her open for them without Ike, Tina landed a recording deal and released an emotional cover of Al Green’s "Let Stay Together" that propelled her up the U.K.’s charts. With Europe a buzz over Tina, now legendary for her tireless, passionate performances, she re-attained her superstar status with the release of Private Dancer in 1984, selling over 11 millions copies.
 
After co-staring and writing two hit singles for the film Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome, Tina dominated the 1984 Grammy Awards, taking home the Awards for Record of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, Song of the Year, and Best Female Rock Vocal Performance.
 
After retiring to his California studio in 1990, Ike spent 18 months in jail after being convicted on several charges including possessing and transporting cocaine. He was serving his sentence in 1991 when he and Tina were inducted into the Rock n’ Roll Hall of Fame. After his release, and failure to sell his version of Tina and his rocky relationship, Ike’s career quieted down as Tina rose into one of music’s most inspiration female personalities.

 

 

Bo Diddley Biography

 

Born Otha Ellas Bates, Bo Diddley is one of the true innovators that helped connect R & B with Rock n’ Roll. He had learned classical music playing the violin as a child, before changing gears after seeing John Lee Hooker perform. Diddley is best known as “The Originator” of a rhumba based beat that became one of Rock n’ Roll's most common rhythms, admittedly imitated by rock musicians such as Buddy Holly, The Rolling Stones, and U2. 

 

Rhythms were such a powerful force in his music, that on songs such as Hey Bo Diddley, he created excitement and tension through rhythmic structure as opposed to harmony, often repeating a single chord on his famous square bodied guitar throughout an entire song.

 

In 1955, Diddley was the first African American to perform on The Ed Sullivan Show, only to anger Sullivan by performing his song Bo Diddley rather then a song by Ernie Ford, as Sullivan had requested. Although Diddley was a break-through crossover artist among white audiences, his compositions rarely pandered to the teenage audience. His lyrics were often reinterpretations of folk songs and nursery rhymes, for instance the song Hey, Bo Diddley was an adaptation of the folk song Old McDonald.  Diddley was also influenced by his African heritage. Songs such as Say Man used the call and response style that was equally important in the creation of rap music.

 

With walls of accolades, an induction into the Rock n’ Roll Hall of Fame, and being one of Rolling Stone Magazine’s 50 Greatest Artists of All-Time, Bo Diddley is not content to sit back and relax. In 2005, he celebrated his 50th anniversary in music by touring Australia and Europe, and in 2006 he rededicated himself to raise money for Hurricane Katrina victims and reconstruction.  One of the truly influential and unconventional artists of his day, Bo Diddley’s legacy and influence remains a vital part of the Rock n’ Roll consciousness.
 
 
Gladys Knight Biography
 
After winning Ted Mack’s Original Amateur Hour TV show in 1952, a seven year old Gladys Knight was destined for stardom as a singer. A year later, she and her siblings and cousin began their careers, forming the first of many incarnations of The Pips.
 
In 1961, the group recorded "Every Beat of my Heart" and the song climbed to #1 on the R & B Charts and # 6 on he Pop. In ’62, her cousin left the group and they renamed themselves Gladys Knight & The Pips. However, later that same year, Knight retired after giving birth to her son. Three years later, after the birth of her daughter and with mounting financial pressure to support her family, Knight returned to the group.
 
In 1965, the group signed to Motown and released a string of successful singles including "I Heard It Through The Grapevine" and the Grammy winning "Neither One of Us." The group left Motown and signed to Buddah Records, winning another Grammy for the song "Midnight Train to Georgia." During this same period Knight made her motion picture debut in the film Pipe Dreams, which despite box office failure, garnered Knight a Golden Globe nomination.
 
In early 1980s, the band reunited and released the Grammy winning Love Overboard and Save the Overtime, which hit #1 on the R&B charts. Despite the renewed success, Knight unfortunately became addicted to gambling, reportedly losing $45,000 in one night before joining Gamblers Anonymous. When she recovered in 1988, the Pips hit the road for one last tour before retiring, causing an in debt Knight to pursue a solo career.
 
However, being on her own didn’t slow down Knight’s remarkable career. She went on to act in numerous television show such as The Jeffersons and Charlie & Co, and received a Grammy nomination for her third solo album, Good Women, before becoming a Mormon in 1997.
 
Gladys enduring celebrity continues, whether headlining in Las Vegas or as a guest judge on American Idol. With a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, an inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and multiple Grammy Awards, Gladys Knight’s career is still going strong after spanning over half of a century as she continues to impress fans and critics with her remarkable voice.